Different countries but same scenario
The revolutions took place in any country in
any time. Their aim is to break old ineffective system for further progress.
“Maidan” in Ukraine and “Occupy” in Hong Kong have the same purpose – to end up
with totalitarianism - and events unfold on a similar scenario.
world collapsed with revolutionary movements in the developing countries. First
of all, it caused by authoritarianism - a form of government, characterized by absolute
or blind obedience to authority, as against individual freedom and related to
the expectation of unquestioning obedience. – which does not meet the time and often contradicts principles of
which are currently authoritarian:
under Alexander Lukashenko
under the Chinese Communist Party
under Supreme Leaders Ruhollah Khomeini and Ali Khamenei
Korea under the Korean Workers' Party
under Hafez and Bashar al-Assad
under the Vietnamese Communist Party
- · Russia
under Vladimir Putin
Victor Yanukovich, ex-president of Ukraine and former leader of “The Regional Party”, was on the way to set up
authoritarianism, rejecting a pending EU association agreement and choosing
instead to pursue a Russian loan bailout and closer ties with Russia, but
“Euromaidan” broke in.
Scenario of the Ukrainian “Maidan”
The wave of
demonstrations in Ukraine began on 21 November 2013 with public protests in
Maidan Nezalezhnosti ("Independence Square") in Kiev by young
pro-European Union Ukrainians, demanding closer European integration.
In January 2014, this developed into deadly
clashes in Independence Square and in other areas across Ukraine, as Ukrainian
citizens confronted the Berkut and other special police units.
February 2014, Ukraine appeared to be on the brink of civil war, as violent
clashes between protesters and special police forces led to many deaths and
The scope of the protests expanded, with many
calls for the resignation of President Viktor Yanukovych and his government.
Also, movement “Antimaidan” in support of Yanukovich appeared, which, probably,
was sponsored by himself.
The protests ultimately led to the 2014
Ukrainian revolution. Many protesters joined because of the violent dispersal
of protesters on 30 November and "a will to change life in Ukraine".
By 25 January
2014, the protests had been fuelled by the perception of "widespread government
corruption", "abuse of power", and "violation of human
rights in Ukraine".
reached a climax during mid-February. On 18 February, the worst clashes of “Euromaidan”
broke out after the parliament did not accede to demands that the Constitution
of Ukraine be rolled back to its pre-2004 form, which would lessen presidential
power. Police and protesters fired guns, with both live and rubber ammunition,
in multiple locations in Kiev. The riot police advanced towards Maidan later in
the day and clashed with the protesters but did not fully occupy it. The fights
continued through the following days, in which the vast majority of casualties
On the night
of 21 February, Maidan vowed to go into armed conflict if Yanukovych did not
resign by 10:00 AM. Subsequently, the riot police retreated and Yanukovych and
many other high government officials fled the country. Protesters gained
control of the presidential administration and Yanukovych's private estate. The
next day, the parliament impeached Yanukovych, replaced the government with a
pro-European one, and ordered that Yulia Tymoshenko be released from prison. In
the aftermath, the Crimean crisis began amid pro-Russian unrest.
“Mistaken who thinks that people
experiencing a revolution, it is easy to win; on the contrary, he is able to
defeat the other.”
Charles Louis Montesquieu
Protest in Hong Kong
Hong Kong, a
former British colony, was handed back to China in 1997 following a 1984 agreement
between China and Britain. China agreed to govern Hong Kong under the principle
of "one country, two systems", where the city would enjoy "a
high degree of autonomy, except in foreign and defence affairs" for 50
years. As a result, Hong Kong has its own legal system, and rights including
freedom of assembly and free speech are protected.
mini-constitution, the Basic Law, says that "the ultimate aim" is to
elect the chief executive "by universal suffrage".
2014 China's top legislative committee ruled that voters will only have a
choice from a list of two or three candidates selected by a nominating
“There is no greater tyranny than that which
is perpetrated under the shield of the law”.
Charles Louis Montesquieu
“Occupy Central” is one of several
pro-democracy groups pushing for electoral reform in Hong Kong. Its leaders -
law professor Benny Tai, sociologist Chan Kin-man and church minister Yiu-ming.
On 22 September, student groups began a week-long boycott of classes. A
majority of the representatives are viewed as pro-Beijing.
groups, such as “Silent Majority for Hong Kong” and “Caring Hong Kong Power”
have emerged, criticising pro-democracy activists for "endangering"
the city. They argue that continued civil disobedience and opposition to
Beijing would only damage the city's reputation and economy, as well as its
relationship with China.
defended its ruling on election candidacy. Li Fei, the deputy secretary general
of the National People's Congress Standing Committee, said that openly
nominating candidates would create a "chaotic society" and that any
chief executive must "love the country".
Executive CY Leung hailed Beijing's decision on election candidacy as a
"major step forward in the development of Hong Kong's society". His
government had said June's unofficial referendum had no legal standing.
September tens of thousands have taken to the streets of Hong Kong in defiance
of tear gas and government warnings.
On 1 October student
demonstrators angry at China's vetting of candidates for 2017 elections. said
that protesters would start occupying government buildings if Mr Leung did not
resign by Thursday. Overnight, protesters massed outside Mr Leung's office
in a stand-off with some 200 police.
Ukraine and Hong Kong, there are similar points:
tyrant – Victor Yanukovich and Mr. Leung;
- students of the best universities of the country;
place – the city-centre;
- conduct clear and democratic politics and reassignment of the tyrant;
method - occupying government buildings;
views – “Antimaidan” and “Silent Majority for Hong Kong”;
police use the force against demonstrations.
Hong Kong have the same problem – authoritarianism; hidden political pressure
under the cover of law. These revolutions arose because of people`s willing to
live in the democratic country, to express their political position freely, to
take the path of development and to create a better future for the country. The
pressure counters the development, causes conflicts and leads to destruction. There`s
no place for totalitarianism in the brand new world. The existence of countries
with failures to comply with the rights and freedoms inhibits global progress.
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